On 9, April 2020, the plan "Beijing to Promote the Construction of the National Cultural Center in the medium and long-term (2019-2035)” was officially released for the planning period to 2035, and ahead to 2050. It focuses on the question "what sort of capital are we are looking for? How do we build this capital?".
The plan aims to help build the capital’s culture and developing construction for cultural center that serve the capital’s economic and social development.
The strategic positioning of the plan is to consolidate, innovate, communicate and provide services. The development goal is that by 2025, the status of the National Cultural Centre will have significantly enhanced, the quality of civil society and urban civilization will have significantly improved, and the leadership of national cultural construction will be more prominent.
Objectives by 2035: to have fully built the advanced cultural capital of socialism with Chinese characteristics, to have a more systematic function of the national cultural center, to have a stronger driving force for economic and social development of the capital, and to significantly enhance the international influence of the capital’s culture to become a world historical and cultural city that demonstrates cultural confidence and inclusive charm.
Looking forward to 2050: To further consolidate the status of the cultural capital of socialism with Chinese characteristics, to gather cultural talents, to release the cultural creativity of the people, to develop the socialist spiritual civilization in a comprehensive and coordinated manner, and to make cultural awareness and cultural self-confidence more prominent. Beijing will stand among the world's cities with a higher profile, becoming a symbol of the world's culture that promotes Chinese civilization and leads the trends of our times.
Forbidden City, Beijing Photo by Kubwimana Louis de Gonzague on Unsplash
The construction of the National Cultural Center will be in accordance with the "four cultures", Namely, ancient capital culture, red culture, Beijing culture and innovation culture, in the overall framework of “one core, one city, three belts and two districts". One core is the core value of socialism with Chinese characteristics. One city means the historical and cultural city. Three belts represent the Grand Canal Cultural Belt, the Great Wall Cultural Belt and the Xishan Yongding River Cultural Belt. The two districts are the public cultural service districts and the leading cultural industry development districts.
Beijing Old Town Protection to focus on creating 13 cultural highlights.
The Old Town is a key area for the protection of Beijing's historical and cultural city. Beijing will implement the requirements of "the old city can no longer be dismantled”, promoting the overall protection and revival of the old city through the World Heritage Site application of the Central Axis, and focusing on creating 13 areas of cultural significance.
The plan proposes that Beijing will focus on creating 13 cultural highlights in accordance with the requirements of “One Street, One Policy". These include:
· Shichahai - Nanluoguxiang· Lama Temple - Chinese Confusion Temple· Zhang Zizhong Road North - New Taicang· Zhang Zizhong Road South – Dongsi· Dongsi South· Baita Temple - Xisi· Imperial City· Tiananmen Square· Dongjiaomingxiang· Nannao Shikou· Liulichang - Dashilan - Qianmen· Xuanxi - Fayuan Temple· Temple of Heaven – Xianlongtan
At the same time, to gradually expand the scope of protection of historical and cultural neighborhoods, respecting and maintaining the hutong pattern and spatial design of the old city. In principle, the existing streets in the old city will no longer be widened, and pedestrian blocks will be set up to create a quiet and warm atmosphere in the hutongs.
Temple of Heaven, BeijingPhoto by Victor He on Unsplash
The plan also proposes to make use of the cultural spaces along the central axis to give priority to supplementary public functions, constructing museums, memorials, cultural centres, art galleries, libraries and other cultural facilities, to revitalize the central axis. While promoting the protection of cultural relics and landscape restoration on the central axis, we will strengthen the infrastructure and public services to continuously improve the environmental quality along this route.
Promote the implementation of one standard for online and offline artistic creation
Beijing will promote online arts and culture to create a new world of cultural life. It will implement one standard for online and offline work in order to promote quality online arts and culture, moving from low quality to high-quality.
The plan proposes that the implementation of the online arts and cultural improvement project supports the creation and production of original online art works, improve online literature, film, drama, performance, music, animation and other emerging artistic artforms.
The implementation of the one standard is to promote online arts and culture from low-quality to high-quality and the production of many leading art works. At the same time, to expand the channels of artistic communication and improve the efficiencies of artistic communication, so that online arts and culture becomes an important way to supply high-quality cultural products.
By 2035, the per capita area for public cultural facilities will increase to 0.45 square meters
By 2035, the area for public cultural facilities will increase to 0.45 square meters per capita, and the public cultural facilities network will achieve greater geographical coverage by reaching cultural services every 15 minutes. By 2035, Beijing will build digital libraries, digital cultural venues and digital museums for every district.
Hutong, BeijingPhoto by zhang kaiyv on Unsplash
The plan proposes: to build a modern public cultural services system that is convenient and efficient and to promote the public cultural service facilities to have quality content, diverse suppliers of content, intelligent service methods and to build a complete, convenient, efficient, high-quality modern public cultural services system.
In optimizing the layout of the city’s public cultural facilities, it is necessary to guide the construction of new large-scale cultural facilities to densely populated areas such as Huilongguan Tiantongyuan and areas with weak cultural facilities.
In expanding public cultural services, Beijing will improve state-owned museums’ curatorial capacity and the level of public cultural services to make good use of folk museums and private museums, and create a museum city with a reasonable layout, rich exhibitions and distinctive features. Beijing will create a more diversified public cultural space by dredging, remediation and reuse of the space. At the same time, it will explore the introduction of creative elements in large communities to improve community governance and promote public cultural facilities, knowledge services, creative counseling and other comprehensive functions.
In terms of providing high-quality public cultural products and services, the plan proposes to reach modern public reading service systems every 15 minutes, including public libraries, comprehensive bookstores, specialty bookstores and community bookstores so that Beijing becomes a "city of books with a strong human atmosphere".
Beijing accelerates the construction of "cultural business districts", strongly promoting high-quality cultural consumption
Beijing will strive to build itself as a design capital, film and television capital, performing arts capital, music capital, online gaming capital, world tourism city, art trading center, and an exhibition center, so that the city becomes a high-quality, cultural, creative and innovative center. At the same time, accelerate the implementation of the "cultural business districts" plan to build a new batch of cultural and leisure spaces integrating art performances, interactive experiences and fashion to create a new cultural and commercial landmark with a global reputation.
The plan proposes to build an innovative and creative city of global competitiveness and establish a modern cultural industry system and culture market system of global influence. It aims to promote the integration and development of cultural and technological, financial, sports and other related industries, and to cultivate new dynamics for the development of cultural industries.
Specifically, to encourage and support the development of independent designer fashion, accessories, jewelry, cosmetics, interiors, digital electronics and other high-end fashion industries; to enhance the ability to produce outstanding original film and television content and to provide all-round high standards of supporting services; to promote the planning and creation of original theatre including operas, dramas, musicals, dance, children's theatre, etc., extending the performing arts industry chain, and introducing immersive, interactive and other performing arts formats. We will promote the creation of original music, increase the support and reward for the creation of songs, project incubation, performance display, publicity and promotion, and encourage enthusiasm to support original music.
Beijing will also accelerate the implementation of the "Cultural Business District" program to promote quality development of commercial streets such as the Dashilan, Wangfujing, Xidan, Wukesong, Blue Harbor, Sanlitun, Longfu Temple, etc., Beijing will accelerate the construction of new commercial districts, high-quality cultural facilities, cultural landscape, cultural projects and cultural industries to attract international well-known brands and original independent brands to create a new cultural and commercial landmark with global visibility.
Da Shilan, BeijingPhoto by Yingchih on Unsplash
In the city's important urban development areas, such as the sub-center “three cities and one district", the new Shougang area and Beijing Daxing International Airport Economic Zone, there will be new cultural and leisure spaces for art performances, interactive experiences and fashion consumption. The launch of "Night Beijing" is being planned to create a culture of evening cultural and leisure consumption. Beijing will develop a season of community cultural consumption, cultural market and other activities so as to cultivate the concept of cultural consumption and enhance cultural consumption capacity.
Beijing Tourism Consumption in 2035 will account for more than 30% of the city's total consumption
By 2035, Beijing's tourism consumption will account for more than 30% of the city's total consumption, and the number of inbound tourists to Beijing will reach about 10 million, of which the proportion of international government affairs, business and conference tourists will account for at least 50%, creating new growth for the capital's economic development.
The plan proposes that Beijing should become a world-famous tourist city that demonstrates the charm of Chinese culture, based on the capital's deep cultural heritage and resource advantages to build a resource system, service facilities system and industrial system of global influence and competitiveness.
In order to build tourism into a new growth area of the capital's economic development, Beijing will deepen the structural reform in the tourism sector, build a tourism economic platform, cultivate major cultural tourism projects, cultivate influential cultural tourism enterprises, and cultivate "specialized, refined and new" small and medium-sized tourism enterprises. It will further enhance the cultural connotation of tourism products, the level of scientific and technological products, green products, and enhance the experience and satisfaction of tourists.
The plan also proposes to promote the internationalization of the tourism public services environment, improve multilingual travel guides, traffic maps and tourism applications, implement multilingual menus in hotels and restaurants and achieve full coverage of English on public transport. It will improve international tourism services for tourist enquiries, medical facilities, tourism complaints, emergency relief, foreign currency exchange and other multilingual services. The plan proposed to improve the quality of tourist toilets and optimize barrier-free facilities for tourist venues, and to focus on creating smart cities, smart scenic spots, smart hotels and smart rural tourism for the development and promotion of "one-click tour of Beijing” mobile app.
About the Article
The plan is interpreted by the British Council. The Chinese version can be found here. Banner image by zhang kaiyv on Unsplash.